Definition: The “Naphtha” or “Naphtha petroleum” is the common name given to the “Aliphatic hydrocarbons“.
Comment: The “Naphtha” results from the distillation of the oil in the refinery. But since there are hundreds of different petroleum crude oil worldwide with its own unique composition, there are as many “Naphtha“. Each refinery produces its own “Naphtha” with their own unique initial and final boiling points and other physical and chemical characteristics. Therefore “Naphtha” is a generic term.
Today the “Naphtha” may also be produced from coal, shale, tar sand, wood distillation or biomass.
It is a primary source of raw materials supply for the “Petrochemical” industry.